Trochilidae [hummingbird]



A video installation for the gallery, the home, classroom or office, which tells the cautionary tale of hummingbird classification and AI.


Hummingbirds have puzzled scientists for centuries by defying classification. Their complex history serves as an allegory for the wider challenges we face today in artificial intelligence and classification. Lessons from this cautionary tale become increasingly urgent as AI technologies are introduced into vital services like policing and healthcare. The project explores these complex themes through scripted dialogue, orchestral composition, spatial audio, and multi-screen animation.

The work is presented as both a multi-channel video installation and a custom built app. The installation conceals networked screens and speakers within six meticulously designed structures. The app synchronises video and audio across multiple personal devices such as phones and tablets, providing the same experience anywhere.


’Hummingboxes’ contain a screen, speaker and networked Raspberry pi, allowing animation and spatial sound to flow between them.


A prototype web-app that synchronises animation across a number of smartphones to create a shared multi-screen experience at home (quarantine video).


Ambient audio track featuring narrated story and spatial orchestral composition.


Testing the prototype with 90+ students at Falmouth School of Art.




’Hummingboxes’ contain a screen, speaker and networked Raspberry pi, allowing animation and spatial sound to flow between them.



’Hummingboxes’ contain a screen, speaker and networked Raspberry pi, allowing animation and spatial sound to flow between them.


Mobile screens.



1. First full networked Raspberry pi tests, 2. ‘Hummingbox’ tech contents, 3. Installation construction, 4. Show setup. 





Mark